Golestan province stretches across 22022 sq. km comprising seven township, 16 districts and 45 rural districts. According to the latest census of the year 1375 the population is about 1426288 people. Golestan province is geographically uneven being clearly divided into plain and mountainous region. Almost through out the state the ground slop reduces toward plain and the Caspian Sea.

    From the Islamic primary centuries and before that, this region was the vastest and the most cultivated land located on the north part of Iran. And up to seventh century was called Gorgan state and from the seventh to fourteenth was called Esterabade and from the point of archeology and historical trace has a history of 6000 yeers. In fact it is one of the oldest state of Iran and the center of main culture of Aryans in this region. In the past its extent alone was more than Mazendran and Gilan provinces , and was compared with big regions such as Saadeh and kharazm. This province from the era of the Achaemenidae and after was systematically govern and was called Hirkany or Hirkania and was one of the most famous states in Iran in the era of the samanides along with some other states made a region called khoorasan-e-Iran. By the arrival of Islam and the beginning of golden era, which had an important rule in blossom of Islamic culture and famous poets such as Abdolghaher Gorgani, Saiyed Esmail Gorgani, Mirdamad, Mirfenderski and also Fakhrodin Asad Gorgani.



» Historical and Holy places:

    There are several historical ancient traces such as the remainder of the old town and ancient hill. The most important religious and historical places are: Emam Zadeh Noor, Tourang Tapeh, Sardar Mosque, Dar-al-shafe mosque, Agh ghala Bridge, Alexandr Dam, jame mosque and Agha Mohammad khan palace. 


Gonbad -e-kavoos: 
The shrine of Ghaboos Ebn-e-Woshmgir from the era of All-e- Ziar with the hight of 15 meters is built on a high hill which makes its high 70 meters above earth level, also considered as the highest Islamic break building in the world. The shrine of yah-yebn-zaid is other sacred place which is visited by pilgrims of other cities of the province. 



The most important places are , the shrine of Makhtom-gholy-e-Faraghi, religious school of karim Ehsan and Khaled Ebn-Nabi Kordkooy.

Historical and Holy places: 
One of the historical places of this region is the Radkan tower which belongs to 5 th century (lunar year). The most important holy places are: Emam -zadeh Roshan-abad and Emam-zadeh Alang.




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