Khuzestan

 

Khuzestan

» Geography:

     Situated in the south-west of Iran, this province covers an area of 64236 sq km. It is bounded on tne north by Lorestan, on the east by Chahar Mahal and Kohgilooyen, in the west by Iraq and on the south by the Persian Gulf. 
     Khouzestan consists of mountainous regions in the north and east, and also plateau regions in the south, stretching from the southern parts of the towns of Dezfool, Masjed-e Soleyman, Ramhormoz and Behbahan to the river of Arvand and the Persian Gulf. The climate is dry and semi-dry, save in few regions. The largest rivers are the Karoon, Karkheh, Dez, Maroon and Arvand. The reedy marshes called Hoors are numerous, the most important of which are Hoor ol-Azim and those located in Dasht-e Azadegan and Shadegan regions. The cities of this province are as follows: Ahvaz, Abadan, Khorramshahr, Izeh, Eshkaft-e Salman,Kool-e Farah, The village of Shami.

» History:

    Archaeological finds indicate that Khouzestan has been the home of man from Paleolithic. Elate civilization coincided roughly in area with province. The ethnic groups are the Kurds, Arabs, Lors and Azerbaijanis. The Arab tribes such as Bani Taraf and Bani Ka'b as well as Bakhtiyari and Boyr Ahmadi tribes dwell in Khouzestan.
    Persian and Arabic are predominant languages spoken with local accents. The vast majority of the people are Muslims, mostly of the Shi'ite sect. Being bounded on the south by the Persian Gulf, this province, the seaports of which were primarily used for trade with India, was and important center for commercial activities in the past, Today, in addition to important seaports used for trade, Khouzestan's highways and roads play an important role in the economy of Iran.

Khuzestan

Khuzestan

» Historical monument:

    The historical monuments are numerous and impressive. The following are among the most important ones. The mausoleum of Daniel (a Hebrew Prophet during the Babylonian captivity. The relics of the ancient temples in Haft Tappeh.

     The ruins of Susa (Shush), belonging to the 5th millennium BC, are of high significance to historical research. In the palace of Apadana, going back to the Achaemenid period, the images of the Javid (immortal) soldiers on the bricks and the image of a lion in a naturalistic style are among the masterpieces of the ancient art.

Khuzestan

 

Smileys

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