Sistan va Baluchestan


Sistan va Baluchestan

» Geography:

     The Province of Sistan-Baluchestan has an area of about 181,578 square km of which 8,117 square km of the province is Sistan and 17,387 square km is Baluchestan. Sistan-Baluchestan Province is bound to the north by Khorasan Province and Afghanistan, to the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan, to the south by the Sea of Oman and to the west by Kerman Province. The important cities of the Province are as follows: Zahedan, Chabahar, Zabol, Iranshahr and Saravan.

» Historical/ Geographal Background:

     The history of the land of 'Nimrooz' recounts biography of the brave and good-natured people who were living in the land long ago. Virtually, the land owes its development to efforts and endeavors of 'Sekes' or 'Saks'. It is named after the group because Sistan was for first called Sakestan. Before then, the land was 'Darangian' or 'Zerang' or 'Zarieh' in Avestan language. It is referred to as 'Darya' today. 

Sistan va Baluchestan

Sistan va Baluchestan

     Sistan is the birthplace of Keyqobad, Keykavoos and the ancient king Keykhosrow as well as the universal hero, Rostam. Moreover, the land, called today as Baluchestan, has been referred to as 'Makeh ../images/iranprovinces.' in the inscriptions of Darius in Bisotun region and used to be the 14th province. Ferdowsi says in his book, 'Shahnameh', that Baluchs were part of Keykhosrow's army. Splendid historical sites, such as ruins of the 'burnt city', 'Alaman Karkuy' Mouth and 'Kuy-e Khajeh' (the alley of Khajeh) are among historical attractions of Sistan-Baluchestan. The Mount, Taftan, in Baluchestan in the vicinity of Khash has its own special beauties.

» Cultural Features:

     Sistan is land of fables and moving songs. Undoubtedly, there has been few lands on earth to be as mysterious as Sistan for archaeologists. The bewildering region houses valuable historical sites, dating back to all eras. Khajeh Mt. is the only height in Sistan. The mountain is surrounded by Hamoon Lake and is inclined little westward. It depicts a picture from the well-known Iranian hero, Rostam, having a two-headed mace in his hand. People neighboring Hamoon Lake come to the mountain on Nowrooz and rejoice by commemorating the national feast. People travel to the area on boats, called as Totan, built of reed. Baluchs are hardworking, hospitable, honest, zealous, patient, sometimes impassionate and mostly the religious. Their honesty and good deeds have been the subject of a proverb.

Sistan va Baluchestan

Sistan va Baluchestan

» Handicrafts:

Baluchi needle works, pottery making, mat weaving, basket weaving, carpet weaving, 'Gelim' weaving and 'Sekeh-Doozi' (coin works) are handicrafts and souvenirs of this province.




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